Sabita Das
H.No. 1108/1, Sector: 40-B, Chandigarh -160036 (India)
Ph. 9915771108. <sabita_1108@yahoo.com>

 

Since Human Journey Begin

In my view world means Wonder, Overwhelm, Rave, Lure and lovely destination. I would not like to narrate about the word’s shape rather it is descriptive that how beautiful it is and how livelihood place for all living creatures! But, it will not be possible to cover up all the species. Hence, I have chosen to narrate the special species i.e. human life and their blissful journey. To well understand to the subject I took a bit help of website for necessary information.
I would like to first present a brief overview of the ancestors of modern human beings then modernization:
Humans are a member of a species of bipedal primates in the family Hominidae. You, me and everyone on Earth is a homo sapiens. In Latin term, “wise human” and Homo sapiens originated in east Africa. It’s believed that humans originated about 200,000 years ago in the Middle Paleolithic period in southern Africa and by 70,000 years ago, humans migrated out of Africa and began colonizing the entire planet. They spread to Eurasia and Oceania 40,000 years ago, and reached the America by 14,500 years ago. In one word, human species scattered throughout the world.
As humans, we have a highly developed brain, a bipedal gait, and opposable thumbs. Around 50,000 years ago Humans began to practice sedentary agriculture about 12,000 years ago, domesticating plants and animals which allowed for the growth of civilization.
Humans are distinguished from other animals larger brain with a particularly well developed neo-cortex, prefrontal cortex and temporal lobes; enabling high levels of abstract reasoning, language, introspection, problem solving, culture through social learning, and other important mental capabilities which, combined with bipedal locomotion that frees the hands for manipulating objects, has allowed far greater use of tools than any other species. Humans are the only extant species known to build fires and cook their food, as well as the only known species to clothe themselves and create and use numerous other technologies and arts.
Not only that, humans are uniquely adept at utilizing systems of symbolic communication such as language and art for self-expression, the exchange of ideas, and organization. Humans create complex social structures composed of many cooperating and competing groups, from families and kinship networks to states. Social interactions between humans have established an extremely wide variety of values, social norms, and rituals, which together form the basis of human society. Humans are noted for their desire to understand and influence their environment, seeking to explain and manipulate phenomena through science, philosophy, mythology, and religion. The rapid advancement of scientific and medical understanding in the 19th and 20th centuries led to the development of fuel-driven technologies and improved health, causing the human population to rise exponentially. Being a cosmopolitan species, it was estimated that the world population may be reached around 7 billion by 2012.
With the volatile pace, we have accepted to the modernization means the process of change i.e. change of the society includes life style. Modernization involves a transformation of social, political and economy of the continents. The society itself underwent changes in values, beliefs and norms, from primarily agricultural to primarily industrial economy, resulting in the change in the world economy. Today, we are in rocket race hence, in broader sense, this is an attempt, on the part of the people, particularly those who are custom-bound, to adopt themselves to the present time, conditions, styles, and ways in general. The science & Technology have brought remarkable changes in the whole system of social relationship and installed new ideologies in the place of traditional values.
Causes of Modernization:
Modernization is not caused by any single factor. There is result of a so many factors. As Myron Weiner gave five main instruments which make modernization possible: education, mass communication, ideology based on nationalism, charismatic leadership and coercive governmental authority.
Rustow and Ward (1964) have mentioned of some measures of modernization include such specific aspects of changes as under:
i) Industrialization of economy and adopting a scientific technology in industry, agriculture, dairy farming, etc., to make them highly productive, ii) Secularization of ideas - that is, a diffusion of secular - rational norms in culture, iii) A remarkable increase in geographic and social mobility which includes occupational mobility also. iv) A spread of scientific and technical education. v) A transition from ascribed to achieved status, vi) with an increase in material standard of living, vii) High proportion of working force employed in secondary and tertiary rather than primary production, that is, manufacturing and services as opposed to agriculture and fishing, viii) An increment of mobility in the society, understood in terms of urbanization, spread of literacy and media participation. ix) High expectancy of life at birth, x) Relatively greater measure of public participation in the polity — or at least democratic representation in defining and choosing policy alternatives.
As we are familiar every thing has two aspects; either good or bad thus modernization also highly impacts to our day to day’s life. How? We are loosing our family bonding; relationships between people are no longer as genuine as they used to be, due to people knowing way too much about one another or being attached to the various gadgets like mobile, tablet, i- phone / laptop etc. we clearly see a decline in the authenticity of family, peer, and romantic relationships as no longer rely on home telephones, letters, and face-to-face conversation rather we most like to communicate to our kit & kin and nearest /dearest ones through email,.
Once upon a time, people were familiar to this original verse of Mahopanishad VI.71-73 “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” also found V.3.37 of Panchatantra (3rd century BCE), in the in 1.3.71 of Hitopadesha - (12th century CE). Vasudhaiva means Earth and Kutumbakam refers to a family. It means the whole world is one single family includes animals, birds, plants, trees and other organisms in the ecosystem have spirit they are part of our family. We Indians are fortunate to have learnt from Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam through a joint family structure. When children know more of our relatives and used of our native language was much more frequent. A strong bond with the culture was developed. All the festivals were an important part for every joint family and celebrated with the children gearing up weeks in advance. Children get to live and grow with their grandparents and cousins; they also learn the value of relationship. They learn to give and take, to be patient, cooperative and tolerant and to adjust with the other family members. Not only that joint family system inadvertently helps us to live a stress less life, the reason being a lot of people around to help us and to share our joys and sorrows.
Have you ever think why teamwork gives better result than a one? For Philanthropist as we can say charity begins at home similarly during child hood we do adopt to the team work formula - at home e.g. one makes doe from kneaded flour and other bakes.
Being modern thinker, we have forgotten our traditions, customs, rituals and ancestors principle of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, and strictly do not belief to live in joint family. Now, we believed in nuclear family or elementary family i.e. a family is consisting of one married couple and their children. These Family structures were present in Western Europe and England in the 17th century, influenced by church and theocratic governments. With the emergence of proto-industrialization and early capitalism, then the nuclear family became a financially viable social unit but we are still maintaining to this family structure and facing its disadvantages too. Due to high cost of living in the cities, parents are pursued a career of their own and have no sufficient time for their children. This may leave the children unguided. They spend their childhood without the much needed love and company of their parents even fined no one for advice or discussion. Infants spend their time in over crowded crèches where they searched motherhood love and behavior but some times apathetic staff of the crèches make them unhappy. The youth today crave for name, fame and wealth and there is no one at home for proper guidance. Due to lack sincere advice, many of times they are being misguided/ misled by their friends circle.
In the joint family system, the older members are likely to guide their younger also capable to provide solutions to their problems. Hence older generation should be revered as they are an asset to the society.
The both media i.e. Print and electronics media somehow responsible for the disintegration of the joint-family system. It often portrays a powerful character of mother-in-law as a threat to the well-bring of the young bride and it influence to the negative aspect of elders. We also get reports through some newspaper about gruesome acts committed in some families. Simultaneously, the foreign media has instilled western liberal views in the youth. Keeping in views the social evolution, only media can help to restore the lost image of the past and present family structures.
Cultural Changing impacts to the entire social system. Even in the field of music, a tremendous changed have come. We least listen or don’t prefer to listen our folk songs, even special songs for marriages and others celebrations like lohri, holi etc also swiped out. Instead of good, some odd things took place, we direly engaged with western culture. Now people prefer to have free or illegal sex, drugs, Hukka Bars, loud party music and rock n’ roll but where’s the soothing medley gone? We forgot to our ancient music / musical instruments like Beena, Sitar, Tanpura, Tumbi, Ektara, Dhafli, Dhol etc and most of us strictly not fond of classical music based on Raga / Ragini and very rare listeners of light music, Bhajans, Ghazals and folk songs. Modernization comes with “improvements” in all sorts of things, but when you think about music, it’s such a rapid change from ancient time to medieval music and medieval to modern music. In modern music, some sophisticated instruments are being played to match up with modern songs e.g. Kanga Bongo, Drums/ Casio/ Key Board, Saxophone etc. Though, I am personally not fond of such sudden wave of western music,’ which involves with very simplistic lyrics also having some sort of abusing. Nowadays, most music seems to imply sexual innuendos. Modernization definitely stepped in with many blessings like; new cures for diseases, improvements in infrastructure and food production, educations, new technology, tool & Techniques and many more but due to socio economy changes also continue changing in trends depicts some bad issues, which many people do not want to understand to the practical and permanent curses. However, in modernization, when it comes to entertainment and relationships, has experienced a drastic change since the 80’s and 90’s when it became all about partying, “getting laid”, and making money and yet that journey is going on. But none the less, my sincere pray to Almighty that one day, authenticity will knock the door and all the low-standard crap will be vaporized out, and eventually everything can go back to being as genuine and wonderful as it used to be !

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© Author

(Published in Kafla Intercontinental - Summer 2013)